El Informe 2019

El capítulo 1 focuses on the obligation of States Parties to consider gender-based violence (GBV) during risk assessment, picking up the President of CSP 2019?s choice of gender and GBV as the priority theme for this year?s CSP. It gives an overview of gender representation in the ATT process in relation to wider moves in UN disarmament processes to prioritize gender equality. It then discusses challenges around the identification of the problem of GBV, which includes the spectrum of definitions of the term, acts that are considered to be GBV, weapons that need to be considered for a GBV risk assessment, the meaning of ?commit? or ?facilitate? with regard to GBV, and challenges to identifying the full extent of GBV. It examines the specific GBV provisions in the ATT and explores how States Parties can properly operationalize them. It illustrates existing practice by States Parties based on interviews with licensing officials from a range of states and considers two scenarios as illustrations of a GBV risk assessment process.

El capítulo 2 examina en detalle los informes anuales sobre el TCA referentes a 2017. Incluye un análisis general de las prácticas de presentación de informes en el que se comparan los informes anuales del TCA referentes a 2016 y 2017. Ello permite detectar los cambios en las prácticas de presentación de informes y evaluar si en los informes referentes a 2017 se resolvieron las incongruencias y lagunas detectadas en el análisis del Monitor de TCA sobre los informes anuales para 2016. En los informes anuales referentes a 2017, los Estados Partes notificaron las exportaciones e importaciones autorizadas o reales de armas convencionales entre el 1 de enero de 2017 y el 31 de diciembre de 2017. Los informes anuales se reputarán dentro de los plazos si se publican en el sitio web de la Secretaría del TCA a más tardar el 7 de junio de 2019 (una semana después del plazo establecido en artículo 13 del TCA).

El capítulo 2.3 first provides an overall analysis on the extent to which reported exports and imports are comparable within these reports (for example, if one State Party reported an export of assault rifles to another, did the second State Party also report a matching import?). Second, it provides examples of reporting practices and different sources of information provided by States Parties within reporting templates that make it difficult to compare data from one report with another. Third, it provides recommendations drawn from the Stimson Center?s ATT Baseline Assessment Project (ATT-BAP) on steps that can be taken by States Parties to provide comprehensive, accurate and comparable information in Annual Reports that allow a bigger picture of the global arms trade to emerge.

El capítulo 3.1 includes a summary assessment of Annual Reports submitted for arms exported and imported during 2018 before 31 May 2019.39 It is anticipated that more States Parties will submit their report in the window between the legal deadline of 31 May and the beginning of CSP 2019. As such, this analysis will be further expanded in next year?s ATT Monitor report.

El capítulo 3.2 incluye una evaluación sucinta de los informes iniciales y las actualizaciones de los mismos presentados por los Estados Partes en junio de 2019. De esta evaluación se desprende un análisis del incumplimiento en la presentación de informes, en el que se destacan los problemas que enfrentan los Estados Partes a la hora de satisfacer sus obligaciones en materia de presentación de informes.