International and Regional Instruments


The Arms Trade Treaty (ATT)


The ATT is a legally binding instrument aimed at regulating international trade in conventional arms by establishing the highest international standards and to prevent and eradicate illicit trade and diversion of conventional arms. The ATT contributes to international and regional peace, security and stability, reducing human suffering, and promoting cooperation, transparency and responsible action among the international community.


The Firearms Protocol


The Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, their Parts and Components and Ammunition (Firearms Protocol) is a legally binding instrument to counter the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, their parts and components and ammunition at the global level. It was adopted by resolution 55/255 of 31 May 2001 at the 55th session of the General Assembly of the United Nations and it entered into force on 3 July 2005.


The International Tracing Instrument (ITI)

The ITI is a politically binding instrument that encourages states to develop and implement a set of national measures on marking and record-keeping of SALW. It also promotes international cooperation and assistance to enable tracing of illicit SALW.

UN Programme of Action (UNPoA)


The UNPoA is a politically binding framework for states to counter the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons. In particular, it encourages states to strengthen or develop norms at the national, regional and global level to prevent, combat and eradicate the illicit trade in SALW in all its aspects as well as the illicit manufacturing and trafficking of SALW.

GLOBAL FRAMEWORK for Through-life Conventional Ammunition Management

The new political arms control instrument fills a regulatory gap at the international level and seeks to promote the safety, security and sustainability of conventional ammunition management. It comprises 15 objectives aiming to reduce risks and covers the various stages in the life-cycle of ammunition from production and transfer to usage and destruction.


Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls for Conventional Arms and Dual-Goods and Technologies (WA) was established in 1995. Its objective is to contribute to regional and international security and stability, by promoting transparency and greater responsibility in transfers of conventional arms and dual-use goods and technologies, thus preventing destabilizing accumulations.


european Union common position on arms exports 

The EU common position on arms exports establishes common rules among member states regarding the export of military equipment and technology. The key objectives of the Common Position are to promote responsible arms exports, prevent the proliferation of arms, and contribute to regional peace, security, and stability.


Bamako Declaration

The Bamako declaration on an African common position on the illicit proliferation, circulation and trafficking of small arms and light weapons is a politically binding instrument adopted in 2000. It aimed to establish a unified African position on the issue and strengthen regional and international cooperation to address it.



The Inter-American Convention against the illicit manufacturing of and trafficking in firearms, ammunition, explosives, and other related materials (CIFTA) is a binding multilateral agreement that promotes the establishment of controls and regulations on the illicit manufacturing and trafficking of firearms in the Americas.

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